Il est important de se rappeler d'où nous venons. Après les tragédies de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le Traité de Rome fut un accord clé entre six pays qui a lié leur destinée via la Communauté économique européenne. À l'occasion du 62ème anniversaire de sa signature, nous revenons sur la manière dont le traité a posé les bases de l'Europe et de sa réalisation, défendues par le Parlement européen.



2010*50Years of Traineeships at the European Commission*

2010*50Years of Traineeships at the European Commission*
*Founded in 2006. From Paris, France. Fondatrice du "HUB EUROPEAN UNION", Morgane BRAVO* "United in diversity", that's the motto of the EU! *Mieux informer les citoyens UE! « So that Europe, as a global player, is not far from Europeans » * *Ancienne stagiaire (Blue Book) de la Commission Européenne, au Secrétariat Général. Bruxelles. * President & Founder HUB « DIGITAL DIPLOMACY» «DIPLOMATIE NUMERIQUE ». *‪Fondatrice HUB 


🇪🇺L'EUROPE. « L'Europe ne doit pas être un commentateur du monde. Elle doit en être l'architecte.🕊 La diplomatie européenne doit être une ».

Friday, May 15, 2020

🇪🇺Tourism&Transport : SecteurTouristiqueEuropéen en 2020 et au-delà*

Tourism and transport: Commission's guidance on how to safely resume travel and reboot Europe's tourism in 2020 and beyond*

"The Commission presents a package of guidelines and recommendations to help Member States gradually lift travel restrictions and allow tourism businesses to reopen, after months of lockdown, while respecting necessary health precautions.
The Commission's guidance aims to offer people the chance to get some well-needed rest, relaxation and fresh air. As soon as the health situation allows, people should be able to catch up with friends and family, in their own EU country or across borders, with all the safety and precautionary measures needed in place. 
The package also aims to help the EU tourism sector recover from the pandemic, by supporting businesses and ensuring that Europe continues to be the number one destination for visitors.
The Commission's Tourism and Transport package includes:
  • An overall strategy towards recovery in 2020 and beyond;
  • common approach to restoring free movement and lifting restrictions at EU internal borders in a gradual and coordinated way;
  • framework to support the gradual re-establishment of transport whilst ensuring the safety of passengers and personnel;
  • recommendation which aims to make travel vouchers an attractive alternative to cash reimbursement for consumers;
  • Criteria for restoring tourism activities safely and gradually and for developing health protocols for hospitality establishments such as hotels.
For tourists and travellers
The Commission is looking to give people the ability, confidence and safety to travel again with the following measures:
  • Safely restoring freedom of movement and lifting internal border controls
Free movement and cross-border travel are key to tourism. As Member States manage to reduce the circulation of the virus, blanket restrictions to free movement should be replaced by more targeted measures. If a generalised lifting of restrictions is not justified by the health situation, the Commission proposes a phased and coordinated approach that starts by lifting restrictions between areas or Member States with sufficiently similar epidemiological situations. The approach must also be flexible, including the possibility to reintroduce certain measures if the epidemiological situation requires. Member States should act on the basis of the following 3 criteria:
  • epidemiological, notably focusing on areas where situation is improving, based on guidance by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and using the regional map developed by the ECDC;
  • the ability to apply containment measures throughout the whole journey including at border crossings, including additional safeguards and measures where physical distancing may be difficult to ensure and
  • economic and social considerations, initially prioritising cross-border movement in key areas of activity and including personal reasons.

The principle of non-discrimination is of particular importance: when a Member State decides to allow travel into its territory or to specific regions and areas within its territory, it should do so in a non-discriminatory manner – allowing travel from all areas, regions or countries in the EU with similar epidemiological conditions. In the same vein, any restrictions must be lifted without discrimination, to all EU citizens and to all residents of that Member State regardless of their nationality, and should be applied to all parts of the Union in a similar epidemiological situation.
  • Restoring transport services across the EU while protecting the health of transport workers and passengers: 

The guidelines present general principles for the safe and gradual restoration of passenger transport by air, rail, road and waterways. The guidelines put forth a series of recommendations, such as the need to limit contact between passengers and transport workers, and passengers themselves, reducing, where feasible, the density of passengers.
The guidelines also include indications on the use of personal protective equipment such as face masks and on adequate protocols in case passengers present coronavirus symptoms. The guidelines also make recommendations for each mode of transport and call for coordination among Member States in light of re-establishment of gradual connections between them.
  • Safely resuming tourism services: 
The Commission sets out a common framework providing criteria to safely and gradually restore tourism activities and developing health protocols for hotels and other forms of accommodation, to protect the health of both guests and employees. These criteria include epidemiological evidence; sufficient health system capacity being in place for local people and tourists; robust surveillance and monitoring and testing capacity and contact tracing. These guidelines will allow people to safely stay at hotels, camping sites, Bed&Breakfasts or other holiday accommodation establishments, eat and drink at restaurants, bars and cafés and go to beaches and other leisure outdoor areas.
  • Ensuring cross-border interoperability of tracing apps: 
Member States, with the support of the Commission, agreed on guidelines to ensure cross-border interoperability between tracing apps so that citizens can be warned of a potential infection with coronavirus also when they travel in the EU. This will guide developers working with national health authorities. Such tracing apps must be voluntary, transparent, temporary, cybersecure, using anonymised data, should rely on Bluetooth technology and be inter-operable across borders as well as across operating systems. Interoperability is crucial: EU citizens must be able to receive alerts of a possible infection in a secure and protected way, wherever they are in the EU, and whatever app they are using. The Commission is supporting Member States in finding the right solution, in line with the principles set out in the EU toolboxand the Commission guidance on data protection.
  • Making vouchers a more attractive option for consumers:
Under EU rules, travellers have the right to choose between vouchers or cash reimbursement for cancelled transport tickets (plane, train, bus/coach, and ferries) or package travel. While reaffirming this right, the Commission's recommendation aims to ensure that vouchers become a viable and more attractive alternative to reimbursement for cancelled trips in the context of the current pandemic, which has also put heavy financial strains on travel operators. The voluntary vouchers should be protected against insolvency of the issuer, with a minimum validity period of 12 months, and be refundable after at most one year, if not redeemed. They should also provide passengers sufficient flexibility, should allow the passengers to travel on the same route under the same service conditions or the travellers to book a package travel contract with the same type of services or of equivalent quality. They should also be transferable to another traveller. 

For tourism businesses
The Commission aims to support Europe's tourism sector by:
  • Ensuring liquidity for tourism businesses, in particular SMEs, through:
o  Flexibility under State aid rules allowing Member States to introduce schemes, such as guarantee schemes for vouchers and further liquidity schemes, to support companies in the transport and travel sectors and to ensure that reimbursement claims caused by the coronavirus pandemic are satisfied. The schemes for vouchers can be approved by the Commission very rapidly, upon notification by the Member State concerned.
o   EU funding: EU continues providing immediate liquidity to businesses affected by the crisis through the Coronavirus Response Instrument Initiative, under shared management with Member States. In addition, the Commission has made available up to €8 billion in financing for 100,000 small businesses hit by the crisis, with the European Investment  Fund.
  • Saving jobs with up to €100 billion in financial relief from the SURE programme: 
The SURE programme helps Member States cover the costs of national short-time work schemes and similar measures allowing companies to safeguard jobs. The Commission also supports partnerships between employment services, social partners and companies to facilitate reskilling, especially for seasonal workers.
  • Connecting citizens to local tourism offer, promoting local attractions and tourism and Europe as a safe tourist destination:
The Commission will work with Member States to promote a patronage voucher system under which customers can support their favourite hotels or restaurants. The Commission will also promote pan-European communication campaigns featuring Europe as a number one tourist destination.  
To complement short-term measures, the Commission will continue to work with Member States to promote sustainable tourism in line with the European Green Deal and encourage a digital transformation of tourism services to offer more choice, better allocation of resources and new ways of managing travel and tourist flows.
The Commission will organise a European tourism convention with EU institutions, the industry, regions, cities and other stakeholders to jointly build the future of a sustainable, innovative and resilient European tourism ecosystem – the ‘European Agenda for Tourism 2050'."

Tourisme et transports

orientations de la Commission sur la reprise des voyages en toute sécurité et sur la relance du secteur touristique européen en 2020 et au-delà*

"La Commission présente aujourd'hui un ensemble d'orientations et de recommandations visant à aider les États membres à lever progressivement les restrictions en matière de voyages et à permettre aux entreprises du secteur touristique de rouvrir, après des mois de confinement, tout en respectant les précautions sanitaires nécessaires.
Ces orientations visent à permettre aux citoyens de bénéficier d'une détente et d'un repos bien mérités. Dès que la situation sanitaire le permettra, les Européens devraient pouvoir retrouver leurs amis et leur famille, dans leur État membre ou à l'étranger, avec l'assurance que toutes les mesures de sécurité et de précaution nécessaires ont été mises en place. 
Les orientations et recommandations de la Commission visent également à aider le secteur touristique européen à se remettre de la pandémie en soutenant les entreprises et en faisant en sorte que l'Europe reste la première destination touristique.
Le paquet «Tourisme et transports» de la Commission comprend:
  • une stratégie globale en vue d'une reprise en 2020 et au-delà;
  • une approche commune pour le rétablissement de la liberté de circulation et la levée des restrictions aux frontières intérieures de l'UE, par étapes et de manière coordonnée;
  • un cadre pour soutenir le rétablissement progressif des transports tout en assurant la sécurité des passagers et du personnel;
  • une recommandation pour faire des bons à valoir sur les voyages une alternative intéressante aux remboursements en espèces pour les consommateurs;
  • les critères applicables à la reprise progressive et en toute sécurité des activités touristiques ainsi qu'à l'élaboration de protocoles sanitaires pour les établissements d'hébergement tels que les hôtels.
Pour les touristes et les voyageurs:
La Commission cherche à donner aux citoyens la capacité, la confiance et la sécurité nécessaires pour se déplacer à nouveau, moyennant les mesures suivantes:
  • rétablir la liberté de circulation et lever les contrôles aux frontières intérieures en toute sécurité
la liberté de circulation et les déplacements transfrontières sont essentiels pour le tourisme. Alors que les États membres parviennent à réduire la circulation du virus, les restrictions générales à la libre circulation devraient être remplacées par des mesures plus ciblées. Si la situation sanitaire ne justifie pas une levée généralisée des restrictions, la Commission propose une approche progressive et coordonnée, débutant par la levée des contrôles entre les régions ou les États membres qui présentent une situation épidémiologique suffisamment similaire. Cette approche doit également être souple et prévoir notamment la possibilité de réintroduire certaines mesures si la situation épidémiologique l'exige. Les États membres doivent agir en tenant compte des trois critères suivants:
  • des critères épidémiologiques, en privilégiant notamment les zones dans lesquelles la situation s'améliore, sur la base des orientations et de la carte régionale élaborées par le Centre européen de prévention et de contrôle des maladies;
  • la capacité d'appliquer des mesures de confinement tout au long du trajet, y compris aux points de passage frontaliers, ainsi que des garanties et des mesures supplémentaires lorsque la distanciation physique peut être difficile à assurer;
  • des considérations économiques et sociales, en donnant la priorité aux déplacements transfrontières dans des domaines d'activité essentiels et pour des raisons personnelles." 👉https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/fr/ip_20_854

Turismo y transporte:

 orientaciones de la Comisión sobre cómo reanudar con seguridad los viajes y relanzar el turismo en Europa en 2020 y años posteriores*

"La Comisión presentó un paquete de orientaciones y recomendaciones para ayudar a los Estados miembros a retirar gradualmente las restricciones aplicables a los viajes y permitir que las empresas relacionadas con el turismo vuelvan a abrir, tras meses de confinamiento, respetando las precauciones sanitarias necesarias.
Las orientaciones de la Comisión tienen por objeto ofrecer a las personas la oportunidad de obtener los períodos de descanso, relajación y aire libre que tanto necesitan. Tan pronto como lo permita la situación sanitaria, deberían tener la posibilidad de ponerse al día con los amigos y la familia, en su propio país de la Unión o fuera de ella, respetando todas las medidas de seguridad y prudencia necesarias. 
El paquete también tiene por objeto ayudar al sector turístico de la UE a recuperarse de la pandemia dando apoyo a las empresas y garantizando que Europa siga siendo el principal destino para los visitantes.
El paquete de medidas en materia de turismo y transporte de la Comisión incluye lo siguiente:
  • Una estrategia general para la recuperación en 2020 y años posteriores;
  • Un enfoque común para restaurar la libre circulación y suprimir las restricciones en las fronteras internas de la UE de forma gradual y coordinada;
  • Un marco para apoyar el restablecimiento gradual del transporte, garantizando la seguridad de los pasajeros y del personal;
  • Una recomendación que tiene por objeto lograr que los consumidores consideren los bonos de viaje como una alternativa atractiva al reembolso en efectivo;
  • Criterios para el restablecimiento de las actividades turísticas de forma segura y progresiva, y para el desarrollo de protocolos sanitarios en establecimientos de hostelería, como los hoteles."  👉https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/es/ip_20_854
A Suivre...!

President & Founder
Former trainee (Blue Book) of the European Commission, 
at the General Secretariat in Brussels. 
Fondatrice du HUB (2006)
Fondatrice en 2006, 

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